Top 5 Internet of Things (IoT) Trends for 2022


The Internet of Things (IoT) is a term that describes the increasingly sophisticated ecosystems of connected online devices with which we share our world. The somewhat odd name refers to the fact that the first iteration of the Internet was simply a network of connected computers. As the internet grew, telephones, office equipment such as printers and scanners, and industrial machinery were added to the internet. Today just about any device we use in our homes, offices, factories, or just wear on our bodies can be online and connected, hence the Internet of “things”. .

The IoT is a trend that is driving the ongoing digitization and datafication of society in many new and amazing ways. Autonomous cars, autonomous manufacturing robots and remote medical devices that allow physicians to diagnose patients and even do surgery are all possible thanks to these networks of connected objects. In fact, Ericsson predicts that by 2022 there will be about 29 billion of these devices connected to the Internet in the world. So let’s take a look at what are likely to be some of the most important drivers and innovations in this area in 2022:

IoT in health

With everything that has happened in the world over the past two years, it’s no surprise that healthcare has been one of the most active areas of IoT development. Of course, this is a broad use case – covering everything from using cameras in public spaces to surveillance. social distancing, fitness bracelets and trackers to monitor lifestyles and the increasing uptake of telemedicine and remote healthcare. Specialized medical equipment including blood pressure and heart rate monitors, insulin pumps, wheel chairs, defibrillators and oxygen pumps are now all frequently connected, allowing them to collect data to help physicians better understand patients’ conditions and lifestyles, as well as work independently to improve the quality of care. users’ lives.

Healthcare IoT devices allow healthcare professionals to collect patient condition data without the risks of bringing large numbers of potentially infectious people together. Beyond the pandemic response use cases, however, they also allow physicians to examine, diagnose, and treat larger numbers of patients, as well as expand healthcare to areas where physical access to doctors or hospitals is difficult due to the remoteness or difficulty of access.

Security

The huge growth in the number of devices connected to the Internet inevitably means that there are an ever-increasing number of ways our technology can be hacked or exploited by those with bad intentions towards us. The number and size of cyber attacks is increasing every year – Kaspersky security researchers say there have been 1.5 billion attacks against IoT devices in the first half of 2021 – and over the course of 2022, we’re sure we’ll see this trend accelerate. IoT devices provide access points to our personal networks because they are often not as secure as devices traditionally used to store sensitive data, such as computers or smartphones. Another threat vector comes from the fact that because the IoT is made up of “things” – sometimes very small, lightweight things – sometimes those things can be lost or stolen, which requires an additional layer of security to protect against them. unauthorized users who have acquired physical data. possession of your devices. Things are starting to change, however, with signs that manufacturers are ironing out when it comes to shipping devices with default passwords, and consumers are developing a better understanding of the risks. Common attacks involve Denial of Service (DDOS) attempts by overloading systems with connection requests, causing them to break and possibly expose data, or “hijack” the computing power of devices, which can be used to create botnets that attack other systems, or simply to mine crypto-currencies. However, the IoT is not just a security threat: by collecting data on traffic and network usage, connected devices provide fuel for the algorithms used to predict and prevent cyber attacks.

Edge IoT

Edge computing and IoT go hand in hand. Simply put; it means building devices with built-in analysis capabilities, so that the calculation is performed as close as possible to the source of the data being analyzed. This only really makes sense in the context of cloud computing, where data is collected by essentially ‘dumb’ sensors, such as basic cameras or microphones, and sent to the cloud for analysis. Edge devices use smart sensors such as cameras equipped with computer vision capabilities or microphones with natural language processing functions. The obvious advantage is that this means that the computation can take place much faster, and another advantage is that reducing the amount of data transmitted to the cloud and vice versa relieves network congestion. Another benefit becomes clear when you consider the privacy implications of widespread IoT – if a device collects personal data, users have peace of mind knowing they can get the information it contains. without even having to leave their individual custody. . A key factor here is the increasing amount of computing power that can be delivered in ever smaller and more energy efficient devices, thanks to more efficient battery and user interface designs. In 2022, as more organizations continue to look to hybrid cloud ecosystems to deliver IoT services to their customers, edge computing will become an increasingly important part of the solution when needed. to provide fast and secure information.

IoT in business and industry

Sometimes referred to as the “industrial internet,” the IoT has huge implications for how we manufacture goods, deliver services, sell to customers, and follow up with support. Smart factories and logistics factories are increasingly automated, and the availability of robotics and IoT infrastructure ‘as a service’ means that more and more small businesses will begin to take advantage of the opportunities this presents. in 2022. Embedding IoT automation into business models empowers companies to benefit from increased efficiency by gaining a data-driven understanding of their operations and processes. Portable devices such as augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) helmets will increasingly be used for a number of use cases including training, equipment maintenance and process simulation via “Dual digital“methodologies. In manufacturing operations, IoT technology includes sensors installed on machines to measure performance and enable predictive maintenance – predicting where failures and failures will occur before they occur in order to replace and repair faulty equipment more efficiently.IoT tools also cover the emerging field of additive manufacturing techniques, such as 3d printing, which will provide increasingly innovative ways to build and create products, and allow greater levels of personalization and customization, while minimizing waste.

IoT for resilient organizations

Resilience is a priority after the unprecedented disruption of the past two years, and IoT technology offers great opportunities to build more robust and disaster-resilient organizations. This encompasses more than security (covered above) as it also includes provisions such as ensuring that a business has the appropriate skills to deal with widespread changes such as the shift to home and remote work that we do. have seen in 2020 and 2021, as well as guarantee it. does not lose due to the activity of competitors or markets.

Supply chain resilience can be enhanced through IoT, for example, by tracking the movement of inventory between a company, its suppliers, and its customers to anticipate where delays may occur and provide emergency measures in the face of to global issues. Monitoring tools that track staff movements around facilities and monitor workforce efficiency can be used to understand churn rate in the workplace and anticipate where shortages or skill shortages may. signify that a business is heading for problems. IoT solutions designed to help businesses predict and respond to disruption from many different sources will undoubtedly continue to be a major source of innovation throughout 2022 and beyond.

Read more about these and other future trends in my books, Business Trends in Practice: Over 25 Trends That Are Redefining Organizations and Technological trends in practice: the 25 technologies that power the 4e Industrial Revolution.


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